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7 Maintenance Tips to Prevent Major Roof Repairs

By Dez Duran-Lamanilao

The roof is what makes any structure, whether a residential or commercial one, functioning. Aside from enclosing the whole space, it is every building’s first line of defense against the sun, rain, snow, natural calamities, and even fire. With the recent onslaught of hurricanes in the past weeks, one cannot argue against the value of keeping the roof regularly maintained.

While there will always be costs involved when you decide to schedule a roof maintenance, there are ways to make the most out of your budget without sacrificing the protection you need for your home. Here are some tips that will help reduce the dent in your pocket caused by leaking or damaged roofs:

  1. Use high-quality roofing materials. Roofs represent around 5 to 8 percent of capital building costs. Remember though, that they cover 100% of your house and thus should never be taken for granted.

There are many types of roofing materials to choose from, depending on what you are willing to invest in, but be sure to choose roofing with the highest fire rating (Class A):

  • Asphalt roofing – the most popular type; made of fiberglass and relatively easy to install; can last for 30 years or more but are not recommended for places that are prone to high winds.
  • Fake slate roofing – made of various materials such as plastic/polymer, clay, rubber or asphalt; can provide aesthetic value to your home since they look like actual slates, but may be less durable and thus have shorter lifespan.
  • Metal roofing – comes in a range of options: steel, copper, aluminum, and alloy strips; also easy to install and are ultra-light but can be noisy during a rainstorm.
  1. Check for missing or curled shingles and examine flashings, chimneys and roof valleys; look for cracks in vents. Cracks in the walls may also signal cracks in the roofing/flashing. Often these minor issues cause the biggest problems in the end if left unattended.
  2. Keep gutters and downspouts free from leaves and all kinds of debris.
  3. Monitor the most common issues resulting from poor workmanship and poor adhesion such as lifting at laps, cracking, and deterioration.
  4. Watch out for any signs of accumulation in moss. A roof moss can lead to leaks, mold growth and increased collection of debris. Start trimming your trees and getting rid of other organic junk, since they provide the needed nutrients for moss to grow.
  5. Ensure proper ventilation and insulation especially if your house has an attic; this can help in the prevention of leaks.
  6. Perform regular maintenance, including insect or pest control. This is one of the most important aspects of taking care of your roof, and in most cases, also one of the most ignored ones. Neglect is most often the culprit for damaged roofs. Roof inspection and maintenance should happen at least two times yearly, preferably after the roofs have passed through the severest levels of stress.

If you have already determined that you need to have your roof professionally maintained or repaired:

  • Ensure that only qualified personnel maintain your roof. Professional roofers have the expertise you normally will not find otherwise. They can also give the best advice, having been exposed to varying problems related to roofs.
  • Monitor the progress of the repair. Aside from learning the basics of how your roofs are structured and installed, there is an assurance that the work will not be rushed and will be completed according to your expectations.
  • Ask what materials they intend to use and if there are other alternatives. Furthermore, ask them to explain the advantages and disadvantages of each option. Careful decision-making is the key to ensuring that the repair does not happen again soon.
  • Make sure to request for and witness actual roof testing. This involves checking if there are really no more water leaks and examining the durability of the new materials that have been added to the structure.
  • Do not forget to take a set of “before” photos of your roof and update them after every repair or maintenance. Do the same when damages occur. Keep all estimates, invoices and receipts. Doing all this will reduce the hassles normally associated with insurance claims processes.

After the catastrophe caused by Hurricanes Harvey and Irma, this might be the best time to schedule an inspection of your roof to ensure that it has not become vulnerable to both internal and external elements. An ounce of pension is always worth a pound of repair.

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Green Roofing for a Sustainable Home

By Dez Duran-Lamanilao

Sustainability has become the popular term to describe practices through which a specific idea or technology can grow without having to drain the resources of an organization, a company or even a nation. It has been the focus of experts in the real estate industry in the past years as well. In fact, a study conducted by Dodge Data & Analytics in partnership with the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB), published in the “Green Multifamily and Single Family Homes” 2017 SmartMarket Brief, reveals that green homes continue to gain market share among both single family and multi-family homebuilders. Green building has definitely become a constituted part in residential construction.

A green home expectantly goes hand in hand with green roofing, which refers to the layers of plants that building owners, both residential and commercial, grow on their rooftops. One of the many aspects of green roofing is sustainability. Green roofing can reduce the homeowner’s heating and cooling costs. Architects are continuously innovating designs to come up with sustainable green roofing. Some of the strategies they use include:

  • Using plants that come from the area’s local flora, thus stimulating the habitat of local wildlife
  • Designing a layout that can collect rainwater to help in landscape irrigation
  • Planting a garden that produces herbs and veggies
  • Making use of climate-controlling grasses that best suit the needs of a region to help them deal with climate challenges
  • Integrating the green roof with other natural features such as an aquarium or a man-made rain forest
  • Using a green roofing that is habitable; something that features a soft, grassy bed where one can enjoy the view of nature

While the materials used for sustainable green roofing vary from one manufacturer to another, their goals are similar, to come up with materials that can help conserve resources. They employ the following techniques in the production of sustainable green roofing materials:

  • Recycling of production waste such as plastic, rubber or wood fiber into materials that can reduce carbon emissions and help in the decrease of energy costs
  • Use of roofing granules that can radiate heat better than traditional roofing shingles

There are two common types of green roofing. Intensive roofs usually have deeper soil depths, heavier weight load, and feature more plant options; although their maintenance costs may be higher than extensive green roofs, since maintenance would include more comprehensive fertilization of the plants as well. Extensive green roofs are more common because they are lightweight and only need lower maintenance and irrigation requirements. In the previous blog, we highlighted the benefits of extensive green roofing, which include:

  • Reduced volume of and delayed storm water runoff
  • Energy conservation
  • Increased lifespan of roofing membranes
  • Increased biodiversity
  • Additional space for urban agriculture
  • As a habitat for microorganisms and wildlife
  • Improved aesthetic value
  • Mitigation of air pollution
  • Noise reduction
  • Additional credits in the Leadership in energy and environmental design (LEED) standards

According to the University of Michigan, green roofing installation would cost almost $500,000 for a 21,000-square-foot property, versus $335,000 for a conventional roof in 2006 dollars. This means that the green roof would save around $200,000 almost over its lifetime.

Regarding green roofing maintenance, it will focus on upkeep and observation, particularly during spring and summer seasons. Below are examples of activities that should form part of your regular maintenance schedule:

  • Inspection of vegetation-free zones
  • Removal of debris and other organic waste materials
  • Control of weeds
  • Trimming off spent flowers
  • Checking of irrigation and moisture levels
  • Fertilization

If you are wondering how fast plants may grow, it depends on the method of initial planning. Cell plugs and bulk cuttings may reach full growth after three years while sedum tiles may grow 100% after two years. Clarify the installation method with your roofer first and ask for more information about the possible problems that you might encounter. This way, you can properly plan your green roofing maintenance. Scheduling it earlier may incur additional unnecessary costs and consume valuable time.

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Coastal Winter Storm: What to Prepare

By Dez Duran-Lamanilao

Coastal areas generally have more moderate temperatures than other areas during winter. Ocean currents may warm or cool coastal land, depending on the nature of the current that flows by that land.

Winter tourists who would rather skip the snow and enjoy the beach instead have the option to visit the Gulf Coast in Alabama, with its almost perfect weather that stays all year-round. The sun actually shines every day, so they have a wider range of activities to choose from if they do not like the idea of staying indoors.

Whether you are a golfer who needs green to get going or someone who likes the blue ambiance the beach offers, coastal areas may be the ideal spot to spend your winter vacation.

Image source: UCS USA

If you are living along the coast however, there is always the need to prepare for the unexpected, one of which is a coastal winter storm. Stella, a late-season Northeast storm, was reported to have killed five people in March 2017. While the snowfall is not of a concern along coastal areas, Stella has caused ocean water to flood into streets in some parts of New Jersey and New York. The extreme weather has even forced several states to issue travel bans, resulting to almost 9,000 flight cancellations.

What to do in case of a winter storm warning? Follow these simple tips and you are on your way of having a good winter:

  • Protect pipes from freezing by draining water from your pool or from outdoor hoses and adding insulation to attics and basements. For exposed pipes, allow them to drip so they do not freeze.
  • For added insulation, install storm windows or just cover windows with plastic.
  • If you can, consider purchasing an emergency heating equipment in case of power outage.
  • Store sufficient heating fuel; and firewood or coal for your fireplace.
  • Some homeowners prefer to buy their own generators.
  • Talk to your insurer and consider adding flood insurance cover to your policy.

Keep in mind these reminders and live a stress-free winter. Who would not want to wear a good pair of boots, a waterproof jacket, and trousers to enjoy a walk along the enticing shores?

 

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Motor Vehicle Reports (MVR) and Insurance Premiums

By Dez Duran-Lamanilao

There are many factors impacting vehicle insurance premiums, including the value of the vehicle, mileage, where you live (urban areas cost higher rates due to higher risk of theft, vandalism and crashes), and your credit history and financial capability. Sometimes to encourage safe driving, insurers also consider drivers who have taken additional safety courses.

 

For boat insurance, a key factor will be the years no claims bonus. The less number of claims you make for a certain number of years, the less your final insurance cost will be. Other optional factors may include breakdown and contents cover, among many others.

And that is not all. If you ever wondered why you have to supply your motor vehicle reports (MVR) during the application process, MVR will actually also affect the insurance premiums that you have to pay.

Aside from your personal details, the driving history will contain the following information:

  • Past and present license suspensions, revocations and cancellations
  • Driver’s license class
  • Special driver’s license endorsements
  • Any license restrictions
  • Traffic violations such as traffic citations, vehicular crimes, accidental reports, and DUI convictions

Since you probably are not looking forward to seeing your MRV pages filled to capacity, the best way to avoid this scenario is to drive safely. While this is an obvious solution, some drivers will not be able to avoid incurring these records. Ask your insurer about enrolling in a defensive driving course to lower your insurance rates and remove points from your driving record, which for example in Alabama, can go back to as far as three years.

Insurance is a common consideration in getting your MVR. However, there is a possibility of errors occurring on your driving record; thus, to avoid an increase in your insurance premium or driver’s license suspension, check your record now and avoid future inconvenience.

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Hurricane Harvey’s Aftermath: The Struggles Continue

By Dez Duran-Lamanilao

Since it made landfall in Texas on the night of August 25, 2017, Hurricane Harvey has become the strongest hurricane to hit the US in more than ten years, and the most powerful one to hit Texas in more than 50 years. Catastrophic flooding has struck the region and residents near the area beneath the Barker Reservoir were finally forced to evacuate on August 31.

Below is a video published by CNN showing what Hurricane Harvey left behind:

While help is coming from all sources, the residents who have been greatly affected by the calamity are starting to deal with the aftermath, even if what lies ahead of them may be quite bleak, given the extent of destruction Harvey has so far caused.

Reports point to the following statistics:

  • Data from property analytics firm CoreLogic reveals that insurers will only cover about 70% of the damages, since most of the damaged homes were not in high-risk flood zones and thus did not have flood coverage in their policies.
  • The US disaster relief policy suggests that homeowners get almost zero federal relief for reconstruction.
  • JPMorgan estimates that insured losses could reach as much as $10 billion to $20 billion.
  • The Insurance Information Institute also disclosed that only 12% of homeowners nationwide have flood insurance.
  • Predictions on the final cost differ, but preliminary estimate from weather forecast provider AccuWeather is around $190 billion. This is equal to the total cost of Hurricanes Katrina and Sandy, and represents a 1% economic impact to the gross national product.

Precisely how homeowners intend to rebuild their properties is a question they are asking themselves, amidst physical, emotional and mental difficulties. As the government and local and international experts begin assessing the damage inflicted by Hurricane Harvey, the residents’ struggles to move on continue. The crisis has opened up a lot of issues, problems and possible solutions in the future, but most importantly, lessons have been learned and sparks of hope begin to flicker.

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The Pros and Cons of Coastal Living

By Dez Duran-Lamanilao

For some people, living by the sea may be a dream worthy to wish for and follow. The serenity that coastal living promises may be understandably hard to resist. The Gulf Shores in Alabama, for example, is well known for its soft and ultra-bright white sand. Residents can both bask in the sea breeze or a few miles west, even watch sea turtles and migratory birds at the Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge, an added perk any nature lover would surely enjoy.

Image source: Coastal Living

Aside from having a relaxed mental state and having an awesome view to wake up to every day, living on the coast also allows for more recreational activities, healthier living, and less stress. You can get more Vitamin D from the sun and breathe fresher air. The sea has also been proven as an effective way to get rid of hair chemicals and dirt or even cure skin diseases such as psoriasis and dermatitis.

However, those who wish to invest in coastal properties should also bear in mind the possible drawbacks of such decision:

  • The wear and tear resulting from extended exposure to sea air, which may shorten the lifespan of wood, cement and metal because of the higher level of moisture and corrosive salt it brings
  • The terrain types of properties along the coast are harder than normal to build on, thus may mean more expensive construction costs
  • Greater risk of flooding, which can impact your house and contents insurance
  • The possibility of coastal erosion which may result to temporary or worse, permanent damage to the property
  • Requires more maintenance especially if the façade is directly exposed to the prevailing wind

Whitehaven has specialized in writing high risk coastal properties since 2004. Get in touch with an expert now and find out how you can protect your investment without having to spend more.

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When Lightning Strikes along the Coast

By Dez Duran-Lamanilao

Living along the Gulf Coast usually means more exposure to thunderstorms and definitely right after, lightning strikes. Thunderstorms most often form in mid-latitude areas where warm air exists underneath much cooler air. Fronts are the boundaries that separate these two large air masses when they meet. Lightning bolts may last for just about one of 10,000th of a second, but the electricity they can generate could light a 100-watt bulb for three months.

There are risks associated to lightning strikes, and being constantly exposed to such may be too much to handle for some. The National Ocean and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) warns of the danger posed by ground currents, which happen when a lightning strikes, accounting for possibly more than half of all lightning injuries and deaths.

Image source: Accuweather

Fortunately, as long as you keep in mind these tips, you can deal with this natural threat effectively and continue to enjoy what coastal living promises:

  • Close all windows and doors and stay in the middle of the house.
  • Stay away from anything connected by wires such as a corded phone and switch off all electrical appliances.
  • Refrain from getting near water and objects that conduct electricity, mostly those that are made from metal.
  • Do not take a shower and get away from sinks or any similar objects. Lightning can even strike through pipes.
  • Should a lightning strike happens while you are outside, especially if you are in an open field, steer away from trees or poles or any large object and curl into a ball in a standing position.
  • A vehicle may prove to be a safer option for you but remember to close all windows and not to touch the car’s walls as its body is mostly made up of metal. Stay inside for 30 minutes after you hear the last clap of thunder.
  • Be aware of the level of risk you are facing. If you hear thunder in the distance, start heading inside.

Whether you are living in the city or near the sea, natural threats may always pose a risk. Being well-informed and knowing how to protect yourself and your family will allow you greater freedom and less chances to worry.

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Tropical Storm Hazards: How to Deal with Them

By Dez Duran-Lamanilao

The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) defines tropical cyclone as a non-frontal storm system that has low pressure center, spiral rain bands and strong winds. To distinguish the disaster types from one another, meteorologists refer to storms depending on their locations:

  • Cyclone – Indian Ocean and South Pacific
  • Hurricane – Western Atlantic and Eastern Pacific
  • Typhoon – Western Pacific

These disasters generally cause a wider range of destruction than floods. A noteworthy fact is that safety measures can be observed since their occurrence can be predicted several days in advance.

The National Weather Service has identified the key hazards from tropical cyclones:

  • Storm surge flooding – the abnormal rise of water resulting from storm’s winds
  • Inland flooding from heavy rains
  • Destructive winds that can put down buildings and manufactured homes
  • Tornadoes
  • High surf and rip currents – can damage structures along the coastline from as far as 1,000 miles offshore

Here are some tips to protect yourself, your family and your property from these hazards:

  • Have an escape route in case there is a need to evacuate.
  • Prepare a disaster supplies kit that contains the following

Image source: Weather Underground

  • Listen to local authorities and follow their advice, however unreasonable it may first sound. Heed all warnings. They are in the best position to do so.
  • Stay away from windows or glass areas.
  • Secure the walls, roof and eaves of your home.
  • Unless instructed or forced to evacuate, remain indoors and stay in the strongest part of the house/building.

If you have properties along the coastline, one of the most effective ways to protect them from these natural phenomena is getting the right insurance.

Whitehaven commits to resolve any issues during these catastrophic events as they have expertise when it comes to the current insurance conditions along the Gulf Coast. You may probably have been aware of the risks when you decided to purchase that property. Through proper management and an open mind, you are on your way of getting over the stress caused by such potential risks.

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Protecting Your Home from Intruders

By Dez Duran-Lamanilao

The Federal Bureau of Investigation’s (FBI) Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program defines burglary as the unlawful entry of a residence or structure (garage or shed) by an individual or group of individuals, whose intention in most cases is to commit a felony or theft. As long as the person who entered the property had no legal right to be present in the property, a burglary can be already established.

Image source: Burglary Lawyer

FBI statistics show that the estimated number of burglaries in 2015 accounted for 19.8 percent of the calculated number of property crimes. Burglaries of residential properties made up the 71.6 percent of all burglary offenses. These figures enough justify the need for homes to be better protected, especially if they are located in high-risk areas.

Burglary can be classified into four types:

  1. Completed burglary. A successful unlawful entry achieved with or without force
  2. Forcible entry. A successful burglary in which force is used to gain entry to a property.
  3. Unlawful entry without force. A form of completed burglary in which no force is used.
  4. Attempted forcible entry. Force is used in an attempt to enter a structure.

There are initial steps that a homeowner can take to prevent burglary:

  • Install an alarm system. Consider asking your provider to deliver a fast response time or to automatically notify the police once an alarm event occurs.
  • Install security cameras. Outdoor security cameras with night vision are recommended and a hard drive that can record a few days worth of video.
  • Invest in strong window and door locks.
  • Leave the lights on especially if you plan on going on a vacation for long periods of time.
  • Protect your valuables by placing them in safety vaults.
  • Households who own dogs are less likely to attract burglars. Keep in mind though, that owning dogs should not be solely due to guarding against burglary.
  • Ensure that your mails and other deliveries are properly monitored and kept away from the prying eyes of burglars.

Finally, you may also opt to purchase a burglary or crime insurance, which covers the property against loss or damage in the event of a house break. You may want to keep a documented list of your personal and valuable belongings as insurance companies usually require documented proof of ownership to avoid possible fraudulent claims.

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Alabama Boating Laws and Regulations: An Overview

In Alabama and several other US states, any individual aged 12 and older who intends to operate a motorized boat needs to seek education. Those who are between 12 and 13 years need to be supervised by another person who is at least 21 years of age and capable of taking immediate control of the boat if necessary. Do note that completing a boating course is different from actually having a boating license.

Operators who meet any of the following criteria need not get a boating certification:

  • With a legal US Coast Guard Motorboat Operator’s License
  • Successfully accomplished a safe boating course approved by the ALEA Marine Police Division or a similar course offered by US Power Squadrons or the US Coast Guard Auxiliary
  • Aged 40 years or older as of April 28, 1994.

You need to register a boat within 72 hours after its purchase. Most powered watercraft (sailboats, mechanically propelled vessels, rental boats) must be registered in Alabama, except for the following:

  • Non-motorized boats
  • Boat trailers
  • Are registered and kept in another state (Note: Boats are allowed to operate for 90 days or less.)
  • With temporary certificates of number
  • Registered in another country and just temporarily operating in Alabama
  • A ship’s lifeboats
  • Owned by a government entity/agency
  • Have a commercial documentation with the US Coast Guard

The National Marine Manufacturers Association (NMMA) also provides boat certification to ensure adherence to the American Boat & Yacht Council (ABYC) standards. Around 90% of boats are built to ABYC Standards.

A boat safety course is usually taken by operators to save on their personal watercraft (PWC) or boat insurance. Insurance companies acknowledge the less likelihood of filing a claim for those who have taken the effort to commit to safety education and thus are open to lowering boat insurance rates. To guarantee the best possible premiums, consult with your insurance agent first before signing up.

By Dez Duran-Lamanilao