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By Dez Duran-Lamanilao

The Federal Bureau of Investigation’s (FBI) Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program defines burglary as the unlawful entry of a residence or structure (garage or shed) by an individual or group of individuals, whose intention in most cases is to commit a felony or theft. As long as the person who entered the property had no legal right to be present in the property, a burglary can be already established.

Image source: Burglary Lawyer

FBI statistics show that the estimated number of burglaries in 2015 accounted for 19.8 percent of the calculated number of property crimes. Burglaries of residential properties made up the 71.6 percent of all burglary offenses. These figures enough justify the need for homes to be better protected, especially if they are located in high-risk areas.

Burglary can be classified into four types:

  1. Completed burglary. A successful unlawful entry achieved with or without force
  2. Forcible entry. A successful burglary in which force is used to gain entry to a property.
  3. Unlawful entry without force. A form of completed burglary in which no force is used.
  4. Attempted forcible entry. Force is used in an attempt to enter a structure.

There are initial steps that a homeowner can take to prevent burglary:

  • Install an alarm system. Consider asking your provider to deliver a fast response time or to automatically notify the police once an alarm event occurs.
  • Install security cameras. Outdoor security cameras with night vision are recommended and a hard drive that can record a few days worth of video.
  • Invest in strong window and door locks.
  • Leave the lights on especially if you plan on going on a vacation for long periods of time.
  • Protect your valuables by placing them in safety vaults.
  • Households who own dogs are less likely to attract burglars. Keep in mind though, that owning dogs should not be solely due to guarding against burglary.
  • Ensure that your mails and other deliveries are properly monitored and kept away from the prying eyes of burglars.

Finally, you may also opt to purchase a burglary or crime insurance, which covers the property against loss or damage in the event of a house break. You may want to keep a documented list of your personal and valuable belongings as insurance companies usually require documented proof of ownership to avoid possible fraudulent claims.